Muzaffarabad district consists of Muzaffarabad city, which is the capital of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, and suburban areas. The name Muzaffarabad is derived from its founder’s name Sultan Muzaffar Khan. The district was administratively divided into three sub-divisions: Muzaffarabad, Hattian and Authmaqam up to 2004. After the establishment of district Neelum, it retained two sub divisions as Authmuqam was included in district Neelum. As a Result, now district Neelum, too, has two sub divisions: Sharda and Athmuqam.
The city of Muzaffarabad is located at the confluence of Jhelum and Neelum rivers. North of The district Muzaffarabad is much colder than the south. The mean maximum and minimum Temperatures during the month of July are about 35°c and 23°c; and in January 16°c and 3°c respectively. The average annual precipitation of the district is 1511mm. Among the mountains are valleys and terraces used for cultivation. Main crops are maize, Wheat, rice, oil seed, potato, pulses and variety of vegetables. Besides, the area is famous for Fruits such as apple, walnut, pear, plum and apricot.
The two rivers passing through the valley, Jehlum and Neelum, originate from Indian Occupied Kashmir. There is no extensive canal system and farming is largely dependent on Rain water and small channels connected to perennial water sources. The district is blessed with rich forest which covers 59% of the area and is a major source of income. Important tree species are Deodar, Blue Pine, Fir (Spruce) and Chir among the coniferous trees and Walnut, Ash, Maple, Poplar, Willow and Oak among the broad leaved trees.
Muzaffarabad also has rich mineral deposits such as Limonite, Marble, Ruby, Green Tourmaline and Dolomite.