Sialkot is a city in Punjab, Pakistan. Sialkot is Pakistan’s 12th most populous city, and is part of north-east Punjab — one of Pakistan’s mostly highly industrialized regions. Sialkot is believed to be site of ancient Sagala, a city razed by Alexander the Great in 326 BCE, and then made capital of the Indo-Greek kingdom by Menander I in the 2nd century BCE – a time during which the city greatly prospered as a major centre for trade and Buddhist thought.
Sialkot is wealthy relative to other cities in South Asia, with an estimated 2014 per capita income of $2800 (nominal). The city has been noted by The Economist for its entrepreneurial spirit, and productive business climate. The relatively small city exported approximately $2 billion worth of goods in 2015, or about 10% of Pakistan’s total exports. Sialkot is also home to the Sialkot International Airport – Pakistan’s first privately owned public airport.